Hormones regulate many processes in our body. And the state of our appearance, skin, hair and nails depends on their proper work. Even metabolic processes, food preferences and the type of woman’s figure are influenced by the endocrine system.
Many women who have problematic skin initially turn to cosmetologists. And only an experienced cosmetologist, who understands the structure of the skin and its features, can determine the causes of hormone-related disorders, refer to a gynecologist-endocrinologist, and treat in a complex way.
Violation of the production of just one hormone can lead to a cascade of changes that affect the skin. They can manifest themselves in different ways: acne, increased hair growth on the body and face, dryness, flaking, early appearance of wrinkles and loss of skin elasticity, increased oiliness and hair loss on the head.
Everyone knows that male sex hormones are called androgens, but in the female body they are also produced and are precursors for the formation of estrogens.
Androgens stimulate connective tissue cells that produce collagen – as a result, the deep layers of the skin are renewed and its elasticity is maintained.
An excess of androgens causes an increase in the activity of the sebaceous glands, which makes the skin oily and prone to breakouts. Most often, rashes appear on the skin of the face (especially the chin and nasolabial triangle), decollete and back. An excess of male sex hormones in women causes increased hair loss (androgenetic alopecia), oily scalp.
It is important that an increase in testosterone also stimulates an excess of insulin consumption in the female body, an increase in cravings for sweets and carbohydrates, an increase in waist circumference, and an increase in blood cholesterol.
The lack of androgens reduces the protective function of the skin, it gradually loses its elasticity and density, becomes drier and thinner.
Estrogens affect the female phenotype (the tendency to accumulate fat on the thighs and the development of a female figure). Estrogens are involved in the renewal of skin cells. If the level of this hormone is normal, the skin can quickly return to its previous state after sudden changes in weight. This ability is to maintain elasticity and firmness. Estrogen affects the growth and beauty of hair on the head. Estrogen protects against the development of osteoporosis (washout of calcium) and promotes its proper absorption, makes teeth and nails strong.
An excess of estrogen affects the increase in skin pigmentation, the formation of cellulite, thickening of bile and even the formation of gallstones. Very often, hyperestrogenism affects the increase in blood clotting, varicose veins (varicose veins), headaches.
Progesterone has many important functions. With regard to the skin, an increase in the level of this hormone leads to fluid retention and swelling. In addition, the permeability of the vascular wall increases, and as a result, the skin becomes more extensible and prone to rashes, and the likelihood of pigmentation also increases. An extra couple of kilograms shortly before menstruation is just a manifestation of fluid retention in the body, which easily returns to normal.
Prolactin is actively produced in women during pregnancy and lactation. Excess prolactin provokes swelling, chest pain, skin tendency to oiliness and rashes. Most often, the level of prolactin is elevated with hyperandrogenism.
With an excess of prolactin, calcium is washed out of the skeletal system, nails become brittle, and problems with teeth may occur.
Melatonin contributes to good health and a fresh look. But without quality sleep, its production is impossible. Melatonin neutralizes the destructive effects of oxidative processes – it binds free radicals. Oxidative stress is one of the main causes of visual aging of the skin (loss of luster and elasticity), so the skin condition directly depends on the level of melatonin.
Cortisol is called the “stress hormone”, but it is involved in all metabolic processes. If cortisol is in excess, then it affects the accumulation of fat in the body. At the same time, the face, neck, upper shoulder girdle become very stout, and the legs and pelvis disproportionately lose weight.
Cortisol governs hunger, digestion, blood pressure, how you sleep and wake up, physical activity, and your ability to deal with stress.
With an increase in cortisol levels, acne appears, the skin becomes oily, and stretch marks often appear. Damage takes longer to heal, leaving behind scars and age spots. Cortisol also causes swelling, makes hair brittle, can lead to seborrhea and even hair loss.
Dopamine is called the “happy hormone”. Dopamine deficiency can be seen by impoverished facial expressions, when the skin loses its firmness and elasticity.
Insulin is responsible for the level of glucose in the blood. He, like a real “gentleman”, conducts glucose to the cells of the body. Problems with insulin levels can externally manifest as hyperpigmentation, a decrease in the protective function of the skin, a tendency to inflammation, etc.
darkening of certain areas of the skin (for example, in the armpits, inguinal zone). Very often, insulin resistance (decrease in sensitivity) leads to diabetes mellitus. And with this disease, the blood supply to the tissues and, accordingly, the skin is disturbed. The processes of healing and regeneration take a long time. There is a tendency to fungal diseases (candidiasis).
TSH – Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Thyroid-stimulating hormone – is responsible for the functioning of the thyroid gland. A healthy thyroid gland is the basis for maintaining metabolic processes (metabolism). Thyroid hormones regulate the activity of sex hormones (their transition to an inactive state). That is why even if estrogen and testosterone are normal, but thyroid function is impaired, symptoms of excess testosterone and estrogen may appear.
If the function of the thyroid gland is reduced, dryness, yellowness, marbling of the skin appear. Hair falls out, nails break and exfoliate. There is increased fatigue, drowsiness, a tendency to rapid weight gain.
If thyroid hormones are in excess, the hair becomes thin, soft and oily, and the skin is hot, with excessive sweating. Increased irritability and mood swings appear.
Very often, women only outwardly begin to struggle with manifestations of hormonal disorders. Although the reason lies within.
Hormonal imbalances are often the cause of skin and appearance changes. In aesthetics and anti-aging strategies, a healthy endocrine system is a key ally for women in maintaining beauty, slimness and great shape.
It is important to know that lifestyle, nutrition (certain foods and micronutrients), and not just medications affect hormone levels. During the consultation, we understand in detail the cause of the violations, study the hormonal profile and determine the optimal support for your endocrine health.
We know that to be healthy, to have beautiful skin and figure, to stay active – you need to know everything about your hormonal balance and be able to properly maintain it.